Reverse engineering of double compressed images in the presence of contrast enhancement
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P. Ferrara, T. Bianchi, A. De Rosa, A. Piva,
“Reverse engineering of double compressed images in the presence of contrast enhancement”,
Proceedings of IEEE 15th International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing, Sept. 2013,  Pula, Sardinia, Italy

A comparison between two forensic techniques for the reverse engineering of a chain composed by a double JPEG compression interleaved by a linear contrast enhancement is presented here. The first approach is based on the well known peak-to-valley behavior of the histogram of double-quantized DCT coefficients, while the second approach is based on the distribution of the first digit of DCT coefficients. These methods have been extended to the study of the considered processing chain, for both the chain detection and the estimation of its parameters. More specifically, the proposed approaches provide an estimation of the quality factor of the previous JPEG compression and the amount of linear contrast enhancement.